About 70 percent of the earth’s surface is covered with water. This water consists of five oceans in the world and many other bodies of water. One of the most common types of water is the sea, a large body of water from lakes that contains salt water and is sometimes associated with the sea. However, the sea does not have to be connected to a sea outlet. The world has many inland seas such as the Caspian Sea.
The following is a list of the 10 biggest oceans in the world. For reference, the average depth and the ocean in which they are located are included.
1- Mediterranean Sea • Area: 1,144,800 square miles (2,965,800 sq km) • Average depth: 4,688 feet (1,429 m) • Ocean: Atlantic Ocean The Mediterranean Sea loses more water by evaporation than it is fed by the rivers draining into it. Thus, it has a steady inflow from the Atlantic.
2- Caribbean Sea • Area: 1,049,500 square miles (2,718,200 sq km) • Average depth: 8,685 feet (2,647 m) • Ocean: Atlantic Ocean The Caribbean Sea averages eight hurricanes per year, with most happening in September; the season extends from June to November.
3- The South China Sea • Area: 895,400 square miles (2,319,000 sq km) • Average depth: 5,419 feet (1,652 m) • Ocean: Pacific Ocean Sediments in the South China Sea contain volcanic ash, both in deep and shallow waters, from various volcanic eruptions, including Krakatoa, which erupted in 1883.
4- Bering Sea • Area: 884,900 square miles (2,291,900 sq km) • Average depth: 5,075 feet (1,547 m) • Ocean: Pacific Ocean The Bering Straight’s depths average only between 100 to 165 feet (30 to 50 m) but the Bering Sea’s deepest point descends to 13,442 feet (4,097 m) in the Bowers Basin.
5- The Gulf of Mexico • Area: 615,000 square miles (1,592,800 sq km) • Average depth: 4,874 feet (1,486 m) • Ocean: Atlantic Ocean The Gulf of Mexico is the world’s largest gulf, with 3,100 miles of shoreline (5,000 km). The Gulf Stream originates from there.
6- The Sea of Okhotsk • Area: 613,800 square miles (1,589,700 sq km) • Average depth: 2,749 feet (838 m) • Ocean: Pacific Ocean The Sea of Okhotsk is almost entirely bordered by Russia, except for a small part that lies by the north of Japan. It’s the coldest sea in East Asia.
7- The East China Sea • Area: 482,300 square miles (1,249,200 sq km) • Average depth: 617 feet (188 m) • Ocean: Pacific Ocean Monsoon-driven weather dominates in the East China Sea, with wet, rainy summers and typhoons and colder, drier winters.
8- Hudson Bay • Area: 475,800 square miles (1,232,300 sq km) • Average depth: 420 feet (128 m) • Ocean: Arctic Ocean The inland sea of Hudson Bay in Canada was named for Henry Hudson, who sought the Northwest Passage to Asia in 1610. It’s the second-largest bay in the world, after the Bay of Bengal.
9- The Sea of Japan • Area: 389,100 square miles (1,007,800 sq km) • Average depth: 4,429 feet (1,350 m) • Ocean: Pacific Ocean The Sea of Japan has served its namesake country in defense, with supplies of fish and mineral deposits, and for regional trade. It also affects the country’s weather. The northern part of the sea even freezes over.
10- Andaman Sea • Area: 308,000 square miles (797,700 sq km) • Average depth: 2,854 feet (870 m) • Ocean: Indian Ocean The salinity of the water in the top third of the Andaman Sea varies during the year. In the winter, when there’s little rain or runoff, it’s a lot saltier2 than during the summer monsoon season.